Project High Altitude Research Program (HARP) Cannons Launch Chemical Payloads Into Space
U. S. ARMY MATERIEL COMMAND
BALLISTIC’ RESEARCH LABORATORIES
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MARYLAND
Project High Altitude Research Program (HARP) is directed toward the use of guns for scientific probing of the upper atmosphere. The attractive features of guns for this purpose are the basic economy of such a system and the high inherent accuracy of guns for placement at altitude as well as accuracy in ground impact. The basic liability for such an approach lies in the very high accelerations experienced by gun-launched payloads.
The guns used in Project HARP vary in size from 5-inch and 7-inch extended guns on mobile mounts to transportable fixed 16-inch guns. Altitude performance veries from 20 pound, 5-inch prolectiles reaching 240,000 feet to 185-pound, 16-nch projectiles reaching 470,000 feet. Single and multiple stage rockets launched from the 16-inch gun have very promising predicted performance and are under development.
Scientific results to date are primarily wind profiles measured by radar chaff, aluminized balloons and parachutes, and tri-methyl-aluminum trails, although a number of successful 250 MHz and 1750 MHz telemetry flight have been made. Sun sensors, magnetometers, and temperatutr sensors have been flown and an electron density sensor was fired in early June. Developement of other active sensors is continuing.
- Murphy, C. H., Review of the High Altitude Research Program (HARP), Ballistic Research Laboratories Memoranium Report NO. 1327, July 1966
- Murphy, C. H., HARP 5-inch and 16-inch Guns at Yuma Proving Ground, Ballistic Research Laboratories Memoranium Report NO. 1825, February 1967
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