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Weather Modification Archives

James Pollard Espy - The Storm King

James Pollard Espy (or “The Storm King”) (May 9 1785 – January 24 1860) was a U.S. meteorologist who proposed burning forests on the west coast of the [...]

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Gen. Robert St. George “Dry Hence Forth” Dyrenforth

It is not surprising that European American settlers in the Great Plains, dependent on agriculture and plagued by drought, would develop an interest i [...]

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An Ode to Pluviculture

“The Rhyme of the Rain Machine” by F. W. Clarke Said Jeremy Jonathan Joseph Jones “The weather is far too dry, So I reckon I’ll have to stir my bones [...]

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“Ohio Rain Wizard” Frank Melbourne

RAIN TO ORDER. An Interview With Frank Melbourne, the Rain King. CINCINNATI, July 3. — An evening paper publishes the following interview held with Fr [...]

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Effects of Rain-Making

Uncle Sam’s Rain: Prosperity. Politician’s Rain: Office. Miser’s Rain: Money. Merchant’s Rain: Orders. Farmer’s Rain: Crops. Spinster’s Rain: Angels? [...]

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Rain-Making Test Unpopular in Washington

SHOWERED GLASS AND PLASTER. Rain-Making Tests Unpopular in Washington. Bombardment of the Sky Kept Up All Night. After a dry spell of many weeks, Wash [...]

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Steiger Vortex Rain-Making Gun

The Steiger Vortex gun is a cone-shaped barrel, fabricated from sheet steel, designed as a rainmaking device. The gun was originally designed by Alber [...]

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Charles Mallory Hatfield “The Moisture Accelerator” Makes Rain For L.A., Floods San Diego

The indisputable fact is that Hatfield went into the hills nineteen times to bring on a rain, and nineteen times it rained when he promised. Last Dece [...]

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C.W. Post: Cereal Czar and Rainmaker

The cereal manufacturer, C. W. Post of Texas, maintained belief in the concussion method. From 1911 to 1914, Post executed “rain battles” near Post Ci [...]

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Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation (FIDO)

During world war two, fog was dispersed with a secret weapon called Fido. This stood for either “Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operations” or “Fog, [...]

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Vincent Schaefer, Irving Langmuir, and Bernard Vonnegut invent Cloud Seeding

Vincent Schaefer (1906–1993) discovered the principle of cloud seeding in July 1946 through a series of serendipitous events. Following ideas generate [...]

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Project Cirrus, First Hurricane Cloud Seeding Experiment

The energy expended by a tropical hurricane is enough to drive all the machinery in the world for three or four years. Yet the Army, the Navy and Gene [...]

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Contrail Cirrus Complaints Begin Nationwide

"Darn Sky Riders: Jet Trails Dim Sun, Palm Springs Gripes" As you know our entire economy is dependent upon tourist trade, which is predicated on our [...]

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Irving P. Krick's Ground-based Cloud Seeder

In December 1949 Krick suggested cloud seeding without resorting to airborne devices; his proposal employed ground-based smoke generators dispersing v [...]

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Cloud Seeding Projects in the USA (1952-1965)

Randomized experimentation in weather modification is like the weather itself: many people talk about it, but few actually do it. In the 17 years sinc [...]

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Project SCUD, U.S. Navy Hurricane Modification

This experiment was conducted in the central and southeast coast of hte United States to study primarily the effects of aerial seeding with dry ice an [...]

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Project Skyfire: Preventing Forest Fires with Cloud Seeding

The Project Skyfire cloud-seeding generator is designed to produce silver iodide nuclei for experiments performed in devising techniques for lightning [...]

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U.S. Navy Creates and Destroys Clouds Using Carbon Black

"We dropped carbon black suspended in liquid, over a track a mile long and produced a solid line of clouds one mile long," Dr. Florence Van Straten to [...]

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National Hail Research Experiment (NHRE)

The National Hail Research Experiment (NHRE) is a scientific field program established to answer the question of whether or not man can modify hailsto [...]

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Project Skywater: Atmospheric Water Resources Management

“to explore, develop and determine the feasibility of applying the technology of weather modification to meet the Nation’s increasing demand for clean [...]

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